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IRREGULAR VERBS

QUIZLET exercises
(based on Insights 1)

SET 1: arise – broadcast

SET 2: build – draw

SET3: dream – forget

SET4: forgive – know

SET5: lay – put

SET6: quit – shake

SET7: shine – speak

SET8: speed – strike

SET9: string – tread

SET10: understand – write

Relatiivipronominit

Tässä Kristan slaidit. Tee ensin harjoitus (slide 2), ja käy sitten slaidit läpi.
Löydät kakkosslaidin vastaukset pitkin esitystä.


 
 
 
ONLINE EXERCISES:

 1. Gap-fill: who/whom/which/what/whose/0 (tyhjä)
2. 35 questions
3. 10 questions

Helpommat:

4. who/which/whose 1
5. who/that/which
6. who/which/whose 2
7. who/which/whose/–
8. where/which/that/there

such vs. so (niin)

Milloin ‘NIIN’ on ‘SUCH’, milloin ‘SO’?

Hän on NIIN söpö KOIRA.    >     He’s SUCH a cute DOG.

Hän on NIIN söpö.                     >      He’s SO cute.

Jos seuraa substantiivi (henkilö/asia/esine) >> SUCH

He is such a nice boy.

It is such a nice morning.

This is such nice chocolate.

(! Näissä on substantiivi ja siihen sopivaa artikkeli)

Jos ei ole substantiivia >> SO
(sen sijaan on adjektiivi/adverbi: minkälainen/miten joku on)

He is so nice.

The morning is so nice.

The chocolate is so nice.

(! Näissä EI ole substantiivia)

so such1

Affect vs Effect

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PÄÄSÄÄNTÖ

affect = VERBI / vaikuttaa johonkin, liikuttaa
effect = SUBSTANTIIVI / vaikutus, seuraus

TO AFFECT = to have an influence VAIKUTUS on something.
▪ His decisions could affect [=influence] the lives of millions of people.
▪ The accident will affect[=influence] the value of the car.
▪ The criticism affected [=bothered, upset] her deeply/greatly.
▪ The entire town was affected by their deaths. [=everyone in the town felt sad about their deaths]
▪ The disease can affect your muscles.
▪ drugs that affect the nervous/immune system
▪ Rain affected [=influenced] their performance.
(> Merriam Webster’s Learner’s Dictionary)

AN EFFECT = a result, a consequence
▪ The defeat had a terrible effect [=impact] on the team’s spirits.
▪ He now needs more of the drug to achieve/get/produce the same effect.
▪ The effects of the drug soon wore off.
(> Merriam Webster’s Learner’s Dictionary)

to have an effect on

Tässä effect on substantiivi, mutta merkitys on sama kun verbi affect:
▪ His decisions could have an effect on [=influence] the lives of millions of people.
▪ The accident will have an effect on [=influence] the value of the car.

HARVINAINEN KÄYTTÖ

affect = SUBSTANTIIVI / tunne, effekti (psykologia)
effect = VERBI / saada aikaan

Tämä on HARVINAINEN, mutta kuitenkin mahdollinen. Sen takia säännöissä lukee, että affect on YLEENSÄ (primarily ENSISIJAISESTI, mostly) verbi ja effect YLEENSÄ substantiivi.

AFFECT =  to act on or change someone or something, vaikuttaa johonkin olemassa olevaan
EFFECT = to cause something to happen, ‘synnyttää’

▪ Rain affected [=influenced] their performance.
▪The new president effected [=made, caused] many changes..

This gallery contains 16 photos.

Well, some of these mistakes aren’t common YLEINEN at all, just funny =)  

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Today is the XXVI of XX in the year MMXIII.
Do you know your Roman numerals (LUKUSANAT)?

roman_numerals_1

This week, Krista bumped into a problem at school. Some students did not know what  ‘XXI’ stood for TARKOITTAA. They asked their teacher what that ‘risti-risti-tikku’ meant. This post is to ensure VARMISTAA that you haven’t forgotten either! 😉

superbowl-xlvi

What is the number of this Super Bowl?

CaesarsNumerals

How many bottles of beer?

69679622-google-logo

What’s the new year?

 

roman numerals

This table TAULUKKO will help you!

Check the exercises by using this converter MUUNNIN!
Just type in any number (‘normal’ or Roman), and you will get the correspondingVASTAAVA one.

XX

This site will help you even more!
http://www.novaroma.org/via_romana/numbers.html

 

AIKAMUOTOJEN LYHYT KERTAUS

AIKAMUODOT
TENSES

aikamuodot

Practice the tenses and describe your day!

PREESENS:
Kuva on preesensissä, mutta kerro mitä kaveri tekee.
Muista, että “HÄN-muoto” (= kaikki sanat jonka tilalle voit laittaa he/she/it esim. my friend, his mom, the neighbor’s cat, our car, the school,jne) saa -S!!
–> He gets up, …
PERFEKTI:
Mitä olet tehnyt? Entäs mitä kaverisi on tehnyt?
Käytä HAS tai HAVE + 3.muoto.
HAS tulee, jos on HÄN-muoto.
–> I have got up, he has got up, …  (to get, got, got)
IMPERFEKTI:
Mitä teit?
Käytä 2. muoto (tai lisää -ed).
–> I got up, …
PLUSKVAMPERFEKTI:
Mitä olit tehnyt?
Käytä HAD + 3. muoto.
–> I had got up, …
FUTUURI:
Mitä aiot tehdä?
Käytä WILL tai BE GOING TO + perusmuoto (= 1.muoto).
–> I will get up. I am going to get up. …
1. KONDITIONAALI:
Mitä tekisit?
Käytä WOULD + perusmuoto.
–> I would get up, …
2. KONDITIONAALI:
Mitä olisi tehnyt?
Käytä WOULD + HAVE + 3.muoto.
–> I would have got up, ….

KYSYMYSLAUSEET:

DO I get up?
HAVE I got up?
DID I get up?
HAD I got up?
WILL I get up?
WOULD I get up?
WOULD I have got up?

KIELTOLAUSEET:

I DOn’t get up.
I HAVEn’t got up.
I DIDn’t get up.   (HUOM: imperfektin kielto = didn’t + perusmuoto)
I HADn’t got up.
I WILL not / won’t get up.
I WOULDn’t get up.
I WOULDn’t HAVE got up.

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